MD-160 Lun-class Ekranoplan – ground effect vehicle (GEV): Carrier Group Destroyer (Eng. Sub./CC)

The ‘Lun’ – class ekranoplan (NATO reporting name: ‘Duck’) is a ground effect vehicle (GEV) designed by Rostislav Evgenievich Alexeyev and used by the Soviet and Russian navies from 1987 until sometime in the late 1990s.
It flew using the lift generated by the ground effect of its large wings when close to the surface of the water—about 4 metres (13 ft) or less. Although they might look similar and have related technical characteristics, ekranoplans like the Lun are not aircraft, seaplanes, hovercraft, nor hydrofoils–ground effect is a separate technology altogether. The International Maritime Organization classifies these vehicles as maritime ships.
The name ‘Lun’ comes from the Russian for ‘Harrier’.

General characteristics

Crew: 15 (6 officers, 9 enlisted)
Capacity: 137 t (302,000 lb)
Length: 73.8 m (242 ft 2 in)
Wingspan: 44 m (144 ft 4 in)
Height: 19.2 m (63 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 550 m2 (5,900 sq ft)
Empty weight: 286,000 kg (630,522 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 380,000 kg (837,757 lb)
Powerplant: 8 × Kuznetsov NK-87 turbofans, 127.4 kN (28,600 lbf) thrust each

Maximum speed: 550 km/h (342 mph; 297 kn)
Cruising speed: 450 km/h (280 mph; 243 kn) at 2.5 m (8 ft)
Range: 2,000 km (1,243 mi; 1,080 nmi)
Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,606 ft) or 5 m (16 ft) in ground effect

Guns: two 23mm Pl-23 cannon in a twin tail turret and two 23mm Pl-23 cannon in a twin turret under forward missile tubes

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